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Love Hurts: Understanding Broken Heart Syndrome

by Michelle Matte, MSEd, CSCS

broken heart

Love Sick

If you have ever gone through a bad breakup, or lost someone who was near and dear to you, you can likely recall the physical reaction you experienced. A tightening of the chest, a sick feeling in the pit of your stomach, difficulty breathing, nausea, weakness and heart palpitations are all symptoms of Broken Heart Syndrome. In extreme cases, the physical changes that take place when you are heartbroken can become life threatening, leading to a heart attack or stroke.

Heart of Glass

According to researchers at Johns Hopkins Heart and Vascular Institute, unlike a heart attack which kills heart cells, broken heart syndrome is caused by adrenaline and other hormones that stun the heart. Patients who are hospitalized with BHS often present with low blood pressure and shock, which are also symptoms of heart attack. The heart may temporarily become enlarged and pump poorly, similar to congestive heart failure. But in broken heart syndrome, there is no evidence of damage to arteries, as typifies heart disease.

love sick man

Gut Reaction

The gut-churning anxiety that comes with a broken heart can have a profound impact on your body chemistry, impacting cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar, brain chemistry and hormonal balance. Decreased nutrient absorption, decreased oxygen to your gut, increased food sensitivity and heartburn are common. Feelings of sadness and depression often plague the broken hearted. According to the American Heart Association, women are more vulnerable than men to heart attack associated with broken heart syndrome.

love sick couple

Time is a Healer

Symptoms of broken heart syndrome may last anywhere from a few days to several weeks, but according to Johns Hopkins, the heart eventually recovers, with no lingering permanent damage. Dr. Mercola recommends sleep, meditation and regular exercise as behaviors that can help relieve stress and alleviate the symptoms of  broken heart syndrome.

Resources

As a fitness professional, you work closely with clients on an ongoing basis, and chances are you will walk with them through some painful times. To enhance your effectiveness and professionalism, consider adding the W.I.T.S. Lifestyle Fitness Coaching Certification to your credentials.

References and Credits

American Heart Association: Is Broken Heart Syndrome Real?

http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/Cardiomyopathy/Is-Broken-Heart-Syndrome-Real_UCM_448547_Article.jsp

 

Johns Hopkins Medicine: Stress Cardiomyopathy Symptoms and Diagnosis

http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/heart_vascular_institute/conditions_treatments/conditions/stress_cardiomyopathy/symptoms_diagnosis.html

 

Mercola: How Stress affects your Heart and Gut Health

http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2013/03/28/stress-affects-heart.aspx

 

National Heart Blood and Lung Institute: What is Broken Heart Syndrome?

http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/broken-heart-syndrome

 

*Images courtesy of freedigitalphotos.net.

 

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