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Beating Diabetes: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Metabolic Syndrome

By Michelle Matte, CSCS

Recipe for Disaster

In adults, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, or DM 2, is often a part of a cluster of metabolic disorders known as metabolic syndrome. According to the International Diabetes Federation, metabolic syndrome is  a cluster of the most dangerous risk factors for heart disease. In addition to diabetes and elevated blood glucose, individuals with metabolic syndrome typically exhibit abdominal obesity, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. They are more than twice as likely to die from a heart attack or stroke, and three times more likely to develop cardiovascular disease than people who do not have the syndrome.

diabetes metabolic 2

How It All Relates

The more elements of metabolic syndrome an individual has, the more likely he or she is to die from heart disease. It all begins with insulin resistance, the precursor to diabetes. Cells become insulin resistant when glucose stores are at capacity, and the individual continues to consume more carbohydrate based foods than the body can process. The end product of carbohydrates is glucose. Because glucose is an important fuel for energy metabolism, people who engage in regular physical activity and who restrict their carbohydrate consumption are at a low risk for insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. Excess blood glucose can damage the endothelial lining of arteries, setting them up for atherosclerosis. Excess calories from carbohydrates can lead to obesity.

diabetes metabolic 1

Turning Things Around

As menacing as metabolic syndrome sounds, it can be reversed with lifestyle modification. As we discussed in earlier posts, insulin acts as the key that unlocks the doors to the cells, allowing glucose to enter. When cells are already full to capacity, they become insulin resistant. Engaging in moderate to vigorous physical activity on most days of the week will deplete cellular glucose stores, increasing their sensitivity to insulin. Boosting your consumption of whole fresh foods and restricting consumption of sugar, grains and processed foods with reduce the amount of glucose being released into your blood stream.

diabetes metabolic 3

Raising Awareness

Many people think that metabolic diseases are a normal part of aging, and that taking drugs to manage disorders like high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes is inevitable. But making healthful lifestyle choices can prevent and reverse metabolic syndrome, and restore optimal health. As fitness professionals, we can educate our clients and those around us about the risks of physical inactivity and poor nutrition. We can promote healthful lifestyle behaviors by example, and motivate our clients, friends and families to follow in our paths.

References

International Diabetes Federation: Metabolic Syndrome.

http://www.idf.org/webdata/docs/IDF_Meta_def_final.pdf

 

Cardiovascular Diabetology: High glucose induces human endothelial dysfunction through an Axl-dependent mechanism.

http://www.cardiab.com/content/13/1/53

 

American College of Sports Medicine: Targeting the Metabolic Syndrome with Exercise: Evidence from the HERITAGE Family Study.

http://www.indiana.edu/~k662/articles/metabolicsyndrome/ms%20exercise%20HERITAGE%202003.pdf

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One thought on “Beating Diabetes: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Metabolic Syndrome

  1. You should walk to maintain your blood sugar level. This is important in Diabetes Mellitus . Keep checking your blood sugar level and eat right. Live a healthier life. If you are a patient of diabetes and you think it is affecting your health, you would never be able to enjoy your life. Take precautions, take your meds but never compromise on your what the life has to offer

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